Auf das Abenteuer Forschung haben sich im Rahmen des Projektes „Enzyme im Alltag“ neun Schulklassen aus Volksschulen, NMS und Gymnasien eingelassen. Gemeinsam mit Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftlern vom acib und der TU Graz und den Firmenpartnern Bisy, Qualizyme und QPS erkundeten die Kinder und ihre Lehrkräfte innerhalb von 2 Jahren die enorme Vielfalt enzymatischer Abläufe und entdeckten sie im täglichen Leben.
Sugar is not only a widely used food ingredient but can also be used as possible starting point for high-added-value products. The European research consortium of CARBAFIN explores different ways to make use of sugar beet biomass: the sugar components glucose and fructose are starting points for the production of important ingredients for not only food/feed but also cosmetics. Besides, fructose can be further converted to a platform chemical, which is applied to the production of bioplastics, biofuels or biopolymers, as well as resins. In other words, CARBAFIN people sweeten our lives!
Have you ever wondered, why it often takes many years until a new drug is available at your local pharmacy? One of the reasons is that the pharmaceutical industry wants to make sure that the drug is not only effective but also doesn’t produce toxic breakdown products that lead to undesireable side effects. Therefore, many time-consuming and not seldomly expensive tests are required to know precisely, which possible metabolic by-products could emerge. In a next step, the industry is producing such derivates to test them thoroughly for their side-effects, ensuring one goal: the patients health and wellbeing.
Biosensors may soon facilitate the analysis of a patient’s entire red blood cell antigen repertoire. In the form of diagnostic test strips, they could make the analysis swift and location-independent. This could have enormous potential not only in medical diagnosis, but also for environmental analysis if extended to other analytes.
Crowdfunding became known around 2005/06 in the creative industries. To cope with illegal downloads in the music industries, money was raised before publishing. However, the concept of crowdfunding is much older. In 1885 the Statute of Liberty would not have been completed without a newspaper-led campaign (by Joseph Pulitzer of the New York World) that attracted 160,000 donors.
Conference season has already started and scientists begin to mingle and present their latest achievements. The lecture rooms are flooded with an overwhelming number of data sets and graphs and crowded PowerPoint slides are the norm. What makes the difference between a good and an excellent presentation is not only the content and the speaker, but also the design of the presentation itself. But, do scientist really have time for that?
Microorganisms play a crucial role for the health and well-being of higher organisms. Host-specific microbial communities of varying complexity form the so-called microbiota. It can consist of several thousand microbial species and includes bacteria, archaea and fungi. These microorganisms exchange a plethora of metabolites with their hosts and can modulate their functioning. Such interactions equally affect humans, animals and plants. This provides us with novel strategies to counteract various diseases and increase the resistance of higher organisms towards abiotic and biotic stresses by modulating the microbiota.
Since the early days of bioprocess engineering shear associated protein aggregation was believed to be a real thread for proteins causing a decrease in production yield accompanied by higher costs. Although some research indicated that moderate shear rates do not aggregate proteins, the scientific consensus today is still not aligned. Recent results suggested that elongational forces, very similar to shear, can unfold proteins. Hence, there is a strong demand for a technical solution to describe extraordinary high shear rates and investigate their impact on protein aggregation, to answer this unsolved mystery in bioprocess engineering.
The last conference I attended had 455 poster presentations divided into 3 designated poster sessions (2 hours each). If we do the math, this would leave one with less than a minute for reading each and every poster. Of course, this is not how poster sessions work; however, it nicely illustrates how much competition you face as a poster presenter. Designing your poster well can give you an edge when it comes to getting recognition for your work.
Membrane transport proteins play a key role in several metabolic pathways. They transport either actively or passively ions or biomolecules, such as metabolites, across the membranes. The construction of efficient cell factories, to produce valuable metabolites, requires a deeper understanding of transport capabilities. However, to understand these mechanisms, suitable protein production systems and membrane-like environments need to be developed in which full protein functionality is maintained.